Links to Trafficking Protocols & Policy: United Nations and United States


United States-Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000

United Nations-Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.

Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking

“Violations of human rights are both a cause and a consequence of trafficking in persons. Accordingly, it is essential to place the protection of all human rights at the center of any measures taken to prevent and end trafficking. Anti-trafficking measures should not adversely affect the human rights and dignity of persons and, in particular, the rights of those who have been trafficked, migrants, internally displaced persons, refugees and asylum-seekers.” Thus, when read in conjunction with the Trafficking Protocol’s purpose, the Recommended Principles provide advocates with useful guidelines on how to shape domestic law and policy. Note from 

Palermo Protocol- Sept 2003 Amendments to UN Protocol US Trafficking In Persons (TIP) Report, 2005

International Trafficking in Women to the United States: A Contemporary Manifestation of Slavery and Organized Crime  by Amy O’Neill Richard
Original CIA Report on Trafficking in 1999.

USAID Strategy Prohibits Funds to Groups Supporting Sex Worker Rights
Original document outline policy. Page 7- “Organizations advocating prostitution as an employment choice or which advocate or support the legalization of prostitution are not appropriate partners for USAID anti-trafficking grants or contracts. Missions will avoid contracting or assistance agreements with such organizations as primary or sub-grantees or contractors.”

International Trafficking and Human Rights Protocols: US and UN compiled by Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women

Network of Sex Work Projects Compiled Legislation-International